As Indian Citizens, our very Foundation is provided by the Indian Citizenship Act, 1955. It provides for acquisition, termination, deprivation, determination of Indian Citizenship and other related aspects. The Act also provides for acquisition of Indian citizenship by birth, descent, registration, naturalization and incorporation of territory under specified circumstances, and also for the termination and deprivation of citizenship.
The President of India has promulgated the Citizenship (Amendment) Ordinance, 2015 on January 06, 2015 with immediate effect which provides for the following amendments to the Indian Citizenship Act, 1955:
• At present one year continuous stay in India is mandatory for Indian Citizenship which is relaxed stating that if the central government is satisfied that special circumstances exist, it may, after recording such circumstances in writing, relax the specified period of twelve months by a maximum of thirty days which may be in different breaks.
• Enabling of registration as Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) by a minor, whose parents are Indian Citizens.
• Enabling of registration as Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) by a child or a grand-child or a great-grand-child of such a citizen.
• Enabling of registration as Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) by such spouse of a citizen of India or spouse of an OCI registered under Section 7A of the Indian Citizenship Act, 1955 and whose marriage has been registered and subsisted for a continuous period of two years or more, immediately preceding the presentation of the application under this section.
• In respect of existing card holders of Person of Indian Origin (PIO) central government may, by notification in Official Gazette, specify a particular date from which all existing PIO card holders will be deemed to be OCI card holders.